Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous tree with a dense, spreading, rather flat crown; it can grow up to 35 metres tall. The unbuttressed, cylindrical bole can be up. Croton tree: A year-old C. megalocarpus tree at a site in Bondo District, western. Kenya. The tree is approximately 12 m tall and 15 cm in diameter. Note the. CROTON MEGALOCARPUS*. DISTRIBUTION. Is a dominant upper canopy forest tree reaching heights of 40 m or more (Dale and Greenway ).

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In Tanzania, bark decoction of C. Anti-inflammatory activity of lupeol. As an oil producer for bio-fuel, Croton megalocarpus is comparable to jatropha Jatropha curcas L. Medicinal plants of East Africa. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and NOE: Given their high nitrogen content, the leaves are often used for mulch.

Croton megalocarpus – Useful Tropical Plants

Bark extracts showed weak antibacterial activity in in-vitro tests[ ]. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The activity of the water extracts was the highest, followed by ethanol and chloroform extracts, respectively Croton megalocarpus occurs in evergreen and semi-deciduous forest at — — — m altitude, sometimes also in riverine woodland and wooded grassland.

There are 3 Wikipedia citations related to Croton megalocarpus Hutch. It is against this background that the current study was undertaken, aimed at assessing if there is correlation between the ethnomedicinal uses of C.

Evidence for a role of cytokines inhibition. The nut itself has multiple uses but most well-known is the oil, used to make biofuel or biodiesel. The nociceptive tests used by Gichui 56 were the writhing, tail flick and the formalin tests using Swiss albino mice of both sexes in a randomized design. In Kenya seedlings reached a height of 1. Antibacterial activity and mode of action of ferulic and gallic acids against pathogenic bacteria.


Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m 82ft by 25 m 82ft at a fast rate. Major ethnomedicinal uses of Croton megalocarpus in tropical Africa.

Croton megalocarpus

Botanical profile, taxonomy and distribution of Croton megalocarpus: Cancer Letters 22 2: Croton megalocarpus oil-fired micro-trigeneration prototype for remote and self-contained applications: Timbers 2, Lemmens, R.

A natural pioneer species, it is fast-growing and also has a wide range of uses. Systematic germplasm collection or preservation programmes do not seem to exist.

Gichui 56 evaluated the antinociceptive activities of C. Phytochemistry and bioactivity investigations of three Kenyan Croton species.

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Research by Zhao et al. The commercial timbers of Tanzania.

QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. Vernacular names of Croton megalocarpus in tropical Africa Table 2: Fatty acid profile and biological activities of linseed and rapeseed oils.

Domestication and commercialization of non-timber forest products in agroforestry systems. The croton husks are milled for fertilizer. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 7: A survey of traditional health remedies used by the maasai of Southern Kaijiado District, Kenya.

Traditional usage, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Croton sylvaticus Hochst. In recent years, Croton megalocarpus has gained interest for large-scale planting programmes as a commercial poultry feed and bio-fuel crop with low agro-ecological demands, mainly in Kenya and Tanzania.


It is liable to splitting and moderate distortion during air drying.

Croton megalocarpus Musine seeds as a potential source of bio-diesel. Nyiru, South Turkana, Kenya. Citation in web searches. Additional literature, including pre-electronic literature such as dissertations, theses, megaloczrpus journal mgalocarpus, scientific reports from international, regional and national organizations, conference papers and books were sourced from the University of Fort Hare library in South Africa. Adoption of agroforestry systems by farmers in Masaka district of Uganda.

Habitats A dominant, upper-canopy tree of evergreen and semi-deciduous forest at elevations from – 2, metres, sometimes also in riverine woodland and wooded grassland[ ].

Croton megalocarpus Croton tree PFAF Plant Database

Catalogue des arbres et arbustes introduits au Burundi. Chemical database sites such as ChemSpider and PubChem were used as sources of chemical structures of the documented compounds. Croton nuts develop after the tree flowers, with mature nuts produced in varying amounts throughout the year depending on the region and elevation.

Similarly, Nisar et al. Seeds seem to have great potential as a source of protein for poultry feed and perhaps also feeds for other livestock, but more research is still needed on the phytochemistry and possible adverse effects before it can be developed into an important export product.

In Kenya the wood of Croton megalocarpuz Pax, a shrub or small tree up to 7. Croton megalocarpus 1, tree habit; 2, flowering twig; 3, seeds.